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You may have heard people recommend water filters and water softeners if you want to improve the health and taste of your water. But, each of these has its differences, so it is important that you understand what they do and how they work before deciding which one is best for you.
If you already have a water softener and are questioning if you need a water filter, knowing the differences between the two might help you decide whether you need one or both.
This article will discuss everything you need to know about water softeners and water filters. But before I proceed, let’s take a look at what is a water softener and water filter.
What is a Water Filter?
Water filtration is a technique for removing unwanted chemical compounds, and organic and inorganic materials, including biological contaminants, from the water. The aim of water filtration is to provide safe drinking water.
Water filters eliminate impurities such as odor, taste, hardness, and bacteria from water, resulting in better-quality water. There are many types of water filters, such as under the sink, whole house, countertop, tankless, faucet, pitcher, shower, and shower filters.
What is a Water Softener?
A water softener is a filtration system that eliminates high calcium and magnesium concentrations that cause hardness in the water. When water passes through a water softener, the system filters out the hard water minerals, and the softened water exits the system to flow through the plumbing.
Hard water is caused by minerals like calcium and magnesium, which are removed by water softeners through technologies like ion exchange. Though the water softener has successfully reduced the water hardness, the water is not safe or clean enough to drink.
Water Softener vs. Water Filter: The Differences
Water softeners and filters solve two distinct kinds of water problems. Water softeners remove mainly calcium and magnesium from the water, while filters remove contaminants. The type of water treatment you choose depends on the kind of water problem you have. The distinction between a water softener and a water filter is that water filters eliminate impurities from the water supply, making it safe to drink. On the other hand, a water softener removes minerals from the water that cause hardness and lime scale.
The goal of a water filter is to remove sediments, chlorine, chemical compounds, heavy metals, bacteria, and other contaminants from the water. Filters also remove unpleasant tastes and odors from the water, making them an excellent choice for safe drinking water. Calcium and magnesium minerals that cause water hardness cannot be removed with only a typical water filter. Water softeners are necessary to remove such minerals that cause water hardness in the water.
These systems are put in to remove and prevent the accumulation of lime in appliances, pipes, taps, and sinks. While water softeners remove minerals from hard water, they do not treat contaminants and bacteria from the water. So while using a water softener, your water may not be safe to drink unless you also have a water filter.
Water filters use various methods to remove and reduce contaminants in the water. They come in different types, including reverse osmosis, activated carbon, KDF (Kinetic Degradation Fluxion), activated alumina, polypropylene, etc.
Reverse osmosis filters remove more impurities, making these systems very effective. Activated carbon filters are used to eliminate chlorine, sediment, and other contaminants from water. Activated alumina can remove fluoride, arsenic, and selenium. KDF filter can remove heavy metals and chlorine and inhibit bacteria growth.
Water filters use various technologies, such as catalytic conversion, microfiltration, oxidation, adsorption, ion exchange, and other processes.
Salt and ion exchange resins are used in water softener systems to remove magnesium and calcium. The resins have a layer of sodium solution that replaces the minerals in the water, thus producing softer water.
Also, saltless water softeners, also known as water conditioners, do not eliminate the minerals that cause hard water but rather neutralize them through a process known as Template Assisted Crystallization, so that it does not cause scale.
After they are installed, whole-house water filtration systems do not require much maintenance. On average, filters should be replaced every six months (or maybe longer). Maintenance will vary depending on the exact filter, but filters, in general, are low-maintenance.
Regular maintenance is required for salt-based water softeners. These systems require salt replacement and monitoring regularly. At least every 2-3 years, the tank should be cleaned and serviced by an expert. Water softeners that do not use salt require less maintenance. If they come with filters, the filters should be replaced according to the manufacturer’s recommendations.
When to Use a Water Softener?
Water softening, unlike water filtration, does not eliminate contaminants. Water softeners are used to treat hard water by converting hardness-causing minerals such as magnesium and calcium to sodium. This prevents clogging, limescale, improves the energy efficiency of water appliances, and reduces the use of soaps and detergents. If you are having a problem with the limescale, a water softener can help fix it.
There are two types of water softeners: salt water softeners and non-salt water softeners. The latter does not add anything to your water, so they just prevent limescale from forming without actually softening the water. There may be situations where you need to install both a water filter and a water softener. The two systems are not mutually exclusive and, in fact, can be used together to produce lime-scale-free and contaminant-free filtered water.
When to Use a Water Filter?
Water filtration systems remove contaminants that alter the taste of tap water or are harmful if present in high concentrations. Chlorine is a common contaminant that affects the taste and odor of water while also posing health risks if present in high concentrations. Similarly, the presence of bacteria or viruses can put you at risk of contracting a water-borne illness. Water filters can deal with sediments, THMs, fluoride, pesticides, volatile organic compounds, and various other ingredients that may be dangerous to your health, depending on the kind of filter media used in the system.
To remove these contaminants from tap water, water filtration uses a variety of techniques. For example, carbons filters use an adsorption method to remove impurities, whereas reverse osmosis filters push water through a semi-permeable membrane to remove a wide variety of contaminants.
Conclusion: Every Home Should Use a Water Filter, And Then Get a Water Softener If Your Water is Hard!
In conclusion, both water filters and water softeners can be used to improve your water. Though both may be needed simultaneously, the major difference is that a water filter protects your health, whereas a water softener protects your property.
I hope this article of water softener vs. water filter helps you in knowing which water treatment system you need.